This site contains HIV prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences.

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HIV Basics

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PrEP Basics

What is HIV?

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It’s a virus that affects the immune system and requires life-long treatment. Left undiagnosed or untreated, it can lead to AIDS. 

WHAt is AIDS?

AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It’s a condition that can develop when the body’s immune system is weakened by HIV. 

What Body Fluids Can Transmit HIV? 

  • Blood

  • Semen, including
    Pre-Seminal Fluid

  • Vaginal Fluids

  • Rectal Fluids

  • Breast Milk

These body fluids must come into contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or be directly injected into the bloodstream for transmission to possibly occur. Mucous membranes are the soft, moist areas just inside the openings to your body. They can be found inside the mouth, nose, eyes, rectum, vagina, or the opening of the penis.

HIV is NOT Spread by?

  • Air or Water

  • Animals or Insects, including Mosquitos, Fleas, Ticks, or Bed Bugs

  • Saliva, Tears, or Sweat

  • Nasal Fluid, Vomit, Urine, or Feces (unless infected blood is present)

  • Casual Contact, such as Shaking Hands, Hugging, or Sharing Dishes, Utensils, or Glasses

  • Drinking Fountains

  • Toilet Seats

Check out the links below for more information about HIV.

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